French Polynesia Demographics

French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago is made up of 118 islands and atolls, divided into five island groups: the Society Islands, the Tuamotu Archipelago, the Gambier Islands, the Marquesas Islands, and the Austral Islands. The population of French Polynesia is around 280,000 people, with the majority residing on the island of Tahiti, which is also the most populous island.

different ethnicity

Demographics

Population: The population of French Polynesia is relatively small, with an estimated 280,000 people as of 2021. This is a result of the dispersed nature of the islands and the limited economic opportunities. Despite this, the population of French Polynesia has been growing steadily in recent years, due in part to a relatively high birth rate.

Ethnicity: The majority of the population is of Polynesian descent, with smaller communities of European, Asian, and other Pacific Islander descent. The Polynesian population is primarily of Tahitian, Tuamotuan, and Marquesan origin. The European population is primarily of French descent, with smaller communities of other European nationalities. The Asian population is primarily of Chinese and Vietnamese descent.

Language: The official language of French Polynesia is French, although many residents also speak Tahitian and other Polynesian languages. French is used in government, education, and commerce. However, Tahitian and other Polynesian languages are still widely spoken and are considered an important part of the cultural heritage of French Polynesia.

Religion: The population is predominantly Christian, with a majority adhering to the Roman Catholic faith. The Catholic Church has had a strong presence in French Polynesia since the arrival of European explorers and missionaries in the 18th century. Other Christian denominations, such as Protestantism and Seventh-day Adventism, also have a small presence in the country.

Urbanization: The population of French Polynesia is relatively low, with most of the population concentrated in urban areas. The capital city, Papeete, located on the island of Tahiti, is the largest city and the center of government and commerce. Other major urban centers include Faaa, Pirae, and Papara.

Age and Gender: The population of French Polynesia is relatively young, with a median age of around 30 years. The country also has a relatively high birth rate, which contributes to its growing population. However, French Polynesia also has a high rate of emigration, with many residents moving to France or other countries for education and employment opportunities. The gender ratio is almost equal with slightly more females.

rice fieldEconomy

The economy of French Polynesia is primarily based on tourism, fishing, and agriculture. Tourism is the largest source of income, with the country’s natural beauty and warm climate attracting millions of visitors each year. The fishing industry is also an important part of the economy, with the country’s waters being home to a diverse range of fish and other seafood. Agriculture is primarily focused on the production of vanilla, coconut, and other tropical crops.

Tourism: French Polynesia is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, crystal-clear waters, and lush tropical landscapes. The country’s most popular islands include Tahiti, Moorea, Bora Bora, and Raiatea. Visitors come from all over the world to experience the country’s unique culture and enjoy the many water-based activities available, such as snorkeling, diving, and surfing.

Fishing: French Polynesia has a rich fishing tradition, with the country’s waters being home to a diverse range of fish and other seafood. The country’s main fishing industry is centered around tuna, which is caught using both traditional and modern methods. The tuna is then canned and exported to other countries. The fishing industry also includes the cultivation of pearls, which is a significant source of income for the country.

Agriculture: Agriculture is an important part of the economy of French Polynesia, although it is limited by the small size of the islands and the dispersed population. The main crops grown in French Polynesia include coconuts, vanilla, and other tropical fruits. There is also a small amount of cattle and sheep farming. Agriculture is primarily focused on the production of vanilla, coconut, and other tropical crops.

Employment: The majority of the population is employed in the service sector, particularly in tourism and government. The unemployment rate in French Polynesia is relatively low, although there is a high rate of underemployment, particularly among young people.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Infrastructure: French Polynesia has a well-developed infrastructure, with paved roads and airports connecting the main islands. The country’s main port is located in Papeete, on the island of Tahiti. The country also has a well-developed telecommunications infrastructure, with high-speed internet and mobile phone coverage widely available.

Transportation: French Polynesia has a well-developed transportation system, with regular flights connecting the main islands. The country’s main airport is located in Papeete, on the island of Tahiti. There are also regular ferry services connecting the main islands. Public transportation is limited, but there are taxis and car rentals available.

fresh tunaCulture

The culture of French Polynesia is a blend of traditional Polynesian and French influences. The traditional Polynesian culture is characterized by a strong sense of community and a deep connection to the land and sea. The French influence is evident in the country’s architecture, food, and language.

Arts: The traditional arts of French Polynesia include carving, tattooing, and dance. Carving, in particular, is an important part of the culture and is used to create objects such as canoes, bowls, and statues. The traditional dance of French Polynesia is known as the ‘ote’a and features fast-paced movements and intricate hand gestures.

Food: The cuisine of French Polynesia is a blend of traditional Polynesian and French influences. Traditional Polynesian dishes include poisson cru, which is raw fish marinated in lime juice, and taro, a starchy root vegetable. French influence is evident in dishes such as croissants and baguettes, which are commonly consumed in French Polynesia.

Language: French and Tahitian are the official languages of French Polynesia. French is used in government, education, and commerce, while Tahitian and other Polynesian languages are still widely spoken and are considered an important part of the cultural heritage of French Polynesia.

In conclusion, French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France located in the South Pacific Ocean. The population is around 280,000 people, with the majority of the population of Polynesian descent. The official language is French, although many residents also speak Tahitian and other Polynesian languages. The population is predominantly Christian, with a majority adhering to the Roman Catholic faith. The economy is primarily based on tourism, fishing, and agriculture. French Polynesia has a well-developed infrastructure and transportation system, with regular flights connecting the main islands. The culture of French Polynesia is a blend of traditional Polynesian and French influences, which is reflected in the country’s arts, food, and language.

Our Top FAQ's

The primary source of income for French Polynesia’s economy is tourism.

The main crops grown in French Polynesia include coconuts, vanilla, and other tropical fruits.

The traditional dance of French Polynesia is called the ‘ote’a.

The main islands in French Polynesia are Tahiti, Moorea, Bora Bora, and Raiatea.

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